Accelerated Global Warming And Atmospheric CO2 Emissions

Up to now it has been generally assumed that global warming will be a linear process. However evidence from the geological past linked with climate modelling that takes into account the global warming that is already locked into the system indicates that there may not be a linear response to rising CO2 levels. There is a danger that at some point we will cross a threshhold when global warming accelerates. By continuing to increase the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere we are getting closer to that point.

From the analysis of the bubbles of air trapped in ice cores taken from the Greenland icecap that are up to 500,000 years old it has been shown that the temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and the CO2 content has followed a regular 100,000 year cycle of change with the CO2 content and temperature closely linked and following the same graph line. Within this regular cycle there are some recently discovered very short periods of approximately only a few hundred years duration when temperatures rise dramatically by 8 degrees centigrade above the slower rises of up to 7 degrees centigrade. This gives a total range of 15 degrees centigrade from peak to trough. These records show natural processes at work before the impact of man's activities. We are currently in the lower temperature part of the cycle.

During the period covered by the ice core research the CO2 content of the atmosphere has varied between 170 and 280 ppm. (parts per million). From 1850 to today with the added input from the burning of fossil fuels the CO2 content has risen to 350 ppm. So we are now well outside of the historic range of values and CO2 levels are going to continue to rise for a long time yet and temperatures will follow.

Recent research has shown that the Amazon rain forest is not a stable mature forest with growth and decay in balance but is in fact an expanding forest that is being fertilised by the excess atmospheric CO2. The trees are getting bigger and there is a net take up of 5000 kg of carbon per hectare per year (1 hectare = 100 x 100 metres). The total area of forest is 400 million hectares so the whole forest could be absorbing 2 billion tons of carbon per year.

Research in the savanah lands to the east of the Amazon Basin has established that the crucial factor determining the development of the rain forest is the length of the dry season. The savanah to the east of the Amazon Basin and the eastern Amazon rain forest both receive about the same amount of rainfall, 1500 mm per year. However in the savanah the dry season lasts 6 months but in the rainforest the dry season only lasts 4 months.

As a result of the longer dry season the savanah catches fire an average of twice in ten years whereas the rainforest with the shorter dry season does not dry out and remains damp enough to prevent fire. In the savanah the fires destroy most of the vegetation and this prevents the savanah developing into a rainforest. If the dry season in the rainforest was extended to 6 months by climate change effects then the rainforest would dry out and burn and could not then re-establish itself. If the rainforest burnt this would release the CO2 currently being absorbed year by year. So the forest would change from being a buffer which for a hundred years has absorbed our excess CO2 into a major source of CO2 releasing tens of years build up of CO2 in a matter of weeks.

It is accepted by all, including climate change sceptics, that increasing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will lead to increased global warming and many computer models have been constructed giving a rise in average atmospheric temperature of between 2 and 6 degrees centigrade by the end of the century i.e. by 2100.

But only now are models being constructed that incorporate a feed-back into the model of the effects of changes in world climate due to the changes in temperature that are predicted by the model as the model programme runs. One of the most important effects of climate change is the release of carbon dioxide from natural processes as atmospheric temperature rises.

Because of the "above normal" level of CO2 already in the atmosphere we are already committed to a certain amount of global warming because the excess CO2 will remain effective for many years. In addition the continued burning of fossil fuels will continue to add to the atmospheric burden of CO2. This warming will inevitably cause some climate change.

The area of the world most vulnerable to the effects of global warming induced climate change is the Amazon basin. The climate change models show that rising sea temperatures in the Pacific Ocean result in less rainfall and a longer dry season in the Amazon Basin. As described above this could lead to a reversal of the Amazon basin acting as a CO2 sink and it becoming a major source of CO2 returning the billions of tons of carbon to the atmosphere that have been stored there.

If the Amazon rainforest burns and releases billions of tons of CO2 into the atmosphere in a short period then this will be a further boost to global warming that will result in significantly higher end of century temperatures.

The climate change model with climate change induced feedbacks indicates that on present trends the date for the change from CO2 sink to source for the Amazon rainforest is about 2050. So we have not got much time to get CO2 under control before that might happen. The Amazon rainforest is at present still acting as a buffer and is protecting us from the full effect of the global warming that would be created if all the CO2 we produce remained in the atmosphere.

If temperatures rise too high then there could be another natural phenomenon which would lead to the release of methane into the atmosphere. Methane is a very powerful greenhouse gas

Current research based on the analysis of ancient sediments from Vladivostock and fossil evidence from Wyoming indicates that runaway methane global warming events have occurred in the past and the conditions prevailing on Earth now are suitable for it to happen again.


Disadvantages of Hybrid Cars

Hybrid cars are great and have a lot of advantages, no doubt about it. Hybrid cars save you gas, therefore keeping your wallet thick! These cars also have less contribution to the greenhouse effect than conventional cars. These are the two biggest pros of a hybrid car. But we all know if something has advantages, it has disadvantages too!

The Price

The biggest disadvantage of hybrid cars is definitely the price! For instance, the 2008 Toyota Camry costs about $19,000, while the hybrid version costs almost $25,000. That is approximately a $6,000 difference, which is a lot of money. Another example is the 2008 Honda Civic with a base price of $15,000, while the Civic Hybrid is costs $7,000 more. On average, the hybrid version of a car costs between $2,000 and $4,000 more than the non- hybrid version.

Dangerous in Accidents

Although the electric engine gives you more mileage and helps you save gas, it can be also dangerous in a collision. Most hybrid cars use metal hydride batteries and the high voltage that they store can be really unsafe when the wires are exposed, thus there is a chance the driver will get electrocuted when involved in an accident.

The Battery

As mentioned above, the batteries in hybrid cars can kill theoretically. There are some other issues with the battery. Hybrid car manufacturers include warranties to cover the batteries for 80,000-100,000 miles. The carmakers also say the car's battery will last forever. But what if something unforeseen happens and the car's batteries are not under warranty anymore? Unfortunately batteries cost a fortune! The other problem with the batteries is that it needs to be recharged at least every second week. So, if you go to vacation you might need to find a "car-sitter" to take care of your car. Some hybrid car owners also report problems with the battery in cold weather.


No offense, but most hybrid cars are slow! They have slower acceleration and a lower top-speed than conventional counterparts. If you are in need for speed, hybrid cars won't satisfy your needs! Hybrid cars will make you drive slow, which is actually not a bad thing!

Despite all these drawbacks, hybrid cars are the way to! Car manufacturers are working to eliminate these disadvantages. I am pretty sure hybrid cars in the near future will be lighter, safer and provide better performance!

You might also check out the advantages of hybrid cars and read the car reviews.

Article Source:


Hybrid Car Tax Credit

Ever since 2005, the IRS has been giving a tax credit to individual taxpayers who drive cars which use alternative fuel sources. There was at one time just a clean fuel burning deduction available to green minded taxpayers, but this only applied to gas-electric hybrid vehicles. In 2005, however, this was replaced by the current legislation, the Energy Policy Act. By the terms of this 2005 law, the tax credit is taken directly from the total amount of tax which the taxpayer would otherwise owe. This reduces or can even eliminate the tax which the individual in question must pay. If you are unsure whether or not your particular "green" vehicle qualifies for this credit, you can ask your car manufacturer or your local dealership.

If you have bought a hybrid vehicle after January 1 2006, then your vehicle (and you, happily!) qualify for this tax credit. This tax credit will also apply to your vehicle if you have begun to use your car after this date.

A hybrid vehicle is, by the definition given in this law a vehicle having drive trains which are powered by a rechargeable battery of some sort in addition to an internal combustion engine. Most hybrid vehicles which are available on the market currently do in fact qualify for this credit.

The credit provided for in the Energy Policy Act applies only to those who have purchased a new vehicle that meets these criteria. If this vehicle is leased rather than purchased outright by a consumer, it is the leasing company instead of the end user may claim this tax credit.

Let's have a look at how large of a credit you will be eligible to receive for your hybrid vehicle. This information is current as of January 2008:

1. Make: Chevrolet

Model: Malibu Hybrid, Amount of Credit: $1,300
Model: Tahoe Hybrid 2WD and 4WD, Amount of Credit: $2,200

2. Make: Ford

Model: Escape Hybrid 2WD, Amount of Credit: $3,000
Model: Escape Hybrid 4WD, Amount of Credit: $2,200

3. Make: GMC

Model: Yukon Hybrid, Amount of Credit: $2,200

4. Make: Honda

Model: Civic CVT, Amount of Credit: $0 to $2,100 depending upon date of purchase.

5. Make: Mazda

Model: Tribute 2WD, Amount of Credit: $3,000
Model: Tribute 4WD, Amount of Credit: $2,200

6. Make: Mercury

Model: Mariner Hybrid 2WD, Amount of Credit: $3,000
Model: Mariner Hybrid 4WD, Amount of Credit: $2,200

7. Make: Nissan

Model: Altima Hybrid, Amount of Credit: $2,350

8. Make: Saturn

Model: Aura hybrid, Amount of Credit: $3,000
Model: Vue Green Line, Amount of Credit: $1,550

9. Make: Toyota

Model: Camry Hybrid, Amount of Credit: $0 to $2,600 depending on date of purchase
Model: Prius, Amount of Credit: $0 to $3,150 depending on date of purchase
Model: Highlander Hybrid 4WD, Amount of Credit: $0 to $2,600 depending on date of purchase

10. Make: Lexus

Model: RX 400h 2WD and 4WD, Amount of Credit: $0 to $2,200 depending on date of purchase
Model: LS 600h L Hybrid, Amount of Credit: $0 to $1,800 depending on date of purchase

Ryan Edward and his team have reviewed all of the so-called best of the best, Water For Gas guides on the market. He shares their findings and shows you the results from their extensive Water For Gas Guide Reviews at his website. To visit Ryan's website now please click on the following link...

Go To:

Article Source:


Tips for Green Living at Home

Do you care about the environment and your health, but want to be stylish with your home décor at the same time? Luckily, there are plenty of green living options that can be implemented in your home in order to create a great look while remaining eco-friendly.

Making Sustainable Choices

Making sustainable choices are an important component of green living. Making sustainable choices means purchasing products that don’t cause a negative impact on the environment and that will not make it more difficult for future generations to continue to sustain themselves. Making sustainable choices during the design process is referred to as 'green design' or 'sustainable design'. Some great sustainable choices to consider when decorating include:

• Natural stone counter tops
• Cabinets and other products made from woods such as bamboo, eucalyptus, or recycled wood
• Carpet made from natural fibers, such as wool and cotton, or made from recycled materials
• Green-friendly paint and home wallpaper, which is being offered by a growing number of manufacturers
• Antiques – after all, they are being recycled!

You don’t have to create a bland and boring home décor in order to enjoy green living. In fact, there are numerous options out there that will allow you to make your home look great while still protecting the planet.

Appliances for Green Living

When it comes to green living, a great place to start is in your kitchen. Remodeling can add a great deal of value to your home, can make it more functional and attractive, and can help you make your home more eco-friendly.

When buying for your kitchen, look for modern appliances to help bring your home up-to-date. By purchasing those appliances with the Energy Star rating, you can potentially cut the amount of energy you use to power those appliances in half. Adding faucet aerators to your kitchen and bathroom faucets will also help reduce the amount of water you use while still providing you with a high pressure stream of water.

Obtaining Green Products

Fortunately, green living is rapidly growing in popularity. In response, many manufacturers are offering lines of eco friendly products that can be used for decorating purposes. In addition, a growing number of online and offline stores that are dedicated solely to green living are becoming a more common occurrence.

One great resource for green living products is This site carries only eco-friendly products, including furniture, bedding, and home furnishings. Home furnishings offered at include candles, picture frames, tableware, home accessories, clocks, lamps, rugs and carpet. Another great online resource for green living products is Here, you can find wall coverings, furniture, flooring, and more. Go to for fabulous green gifts for the home and garden.

Although it may take a little more time and effort to find and purchase eco products for your home, the effort will be worth it. Not only will you be doing your part to help conserve and protect the environment, green living is better for your health and can save you money in the long run.

San Francisco Interior Designer - Mint Home Décor. San Francisco Interior Decorator - Mint Home Décor.


Utilities - Alternative Energy

We tend not to think about where our energy comes from, but in recent times we have become more aware about our energy use.

The majority of our electricity is generated through power stations that utilise coal as a fuel source. However, recent concerns about the condition of the planet - as well as rising energy bills - have sparked an interest in alternative energy.

With many of us dependent on gas and electricity for everyday living, the rising cost ofutilities is a subject that hits rather a sore spot whenever it’s mentioned.

With spiralling costs as a result of the credit crunch affecting every household, many are now looking to alternative methods to help reduce their gas and electricity prices.

Sales of energy-saving appliances – such as eco-kettles and dryer balls – have increased as many of us look for solutions to our rising bills. 

And it’s not just inside the house that people are looking to make changes. Alternative energy generators, such as home wind turbine kits and solar panels, have seen a rise in popularity in recent times.

Energy generated from these external sources can be fed back into the property’s power supply, or can be sold back to the grid in the form of a reduction on your bill.

As well as land-based methods of harvesting natural energy – such as wind farms and bio-fuel generators – technological advances have meant we can now look to the sea in order to generate cheap electricity.

Tidal turbines are powered by undersea currents and generate energy in much the same way as a wind turbine. 

Because there is a constant water flow, the potential for feeding tidal power back into the countries’ energy supply can be seen as a good idea.

With growing uncertainty about energy prices and the rising cost of living, alternative energy remains a key talking point for both energy companies and environmentalists.

About the Author: David is an experienced web author based in the UK


Make Your Own Green Energy Source and Make Money Now

If you are serious about saving money by going green then you seriously need to consider making your own green energy source. It's cheap, easy, and efficient. Did I mention that it can also help you save hundreds of dollars every month on your energy bill? Yes, that's correct by making your own source of green energy you will no longer have to rely on your utility company for energy. This means that you can say goodbye to the rising costs of energy and hello to a new world of savings.

While purchasing a renewable energy system can cost anywhere from $20,000-$30,000, making your own natural energy system costs less that $200. Within a month of using your homemade green source of energy your initial costs will have already payed for themselves. So how you can started with making your natural power source?

The most important factor in determining the success of your natural power system is the way in which you approach the task. If you try to manually research the process then you will probably be left frustrated with no results. But if you look for guidance in the right places then the process will be a breeze. Basically, in order to do things right you will need to find a reliable DIY renewable energy guide. A guide will provide every single aspect of building an alternative energy system all in one place. This will make everything very simple and easy to manage. The process will take two days at most with the guidance of a guide.

Unfortunately, finding a reliable DIY green energy guide can be more difficult than the building process itself. Don't worry though, I've done all of the hard work for you. Just click the link below to start saving cash by making your own natural power system!

Article Source:


Going Green Becoming a Bargain

Although filling our tires with air may help save on gas, it doesn't help with the higher prices of food, clothing, and other necessities. It used to be quite expensive to do things "green" - for instance spending your whole paycheck at Whole Foods to buy eco-friendly household products and organic food. However, now there are alternatives to spending a fortune on eco-friendly products, and not only does it save you money, it's also chic to "go green".

There are green alternatives to everything: household cleaning products, hybrid cars, pet food, appliances, cosmetics, you name it. There are even greener alternatives to some of these green products: bicycles, home-grown food, re-used furniture, and local products. Not only are some of these green alternatives eco-friendly, they are also exceptionally cheap.

Home-grown food for instance is becoming increasing popular. Food prices increased 4% in 2007, the biggest annual increase since 1990, and prices are projected to rise 4.5% to 5.5% this year, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. By spending about $10 this spring on tomato plants I am going to have enough tomatoes to last for the entire month of August, and hopefully some of September. Plus, I have the added benefit of getting outdoors to water them every day and watch them grow. Buying local produce also helps reduce energy and shipping costs.

Another eco-friendly trick to save money is to buy products from local businesses. Instead of heading to the shopping mall where most products are manufactured in another country and then shipped to a port and then shipped to the mall, save a little money by heading to the city or town (on a bus or bike!) and shopping for hand-made, quality products. Green gifts are becoming increasingly popular to buy for people, especially during the holidays. If you hate going to the mall, try shopping for green gifts and eco-friendly home decor at Fresh Heirlooms.

And if you are a pack rat and have a ton of "junk" around your house, hop on the creative reuse bandwagon. Creative Reuse is the new vogue. If you're not familiar with creative reuse, check out Fresh Heirlooms at - where you can find a plethora of information, including DIY instructions and workshops. The idea is simple: take reused or recycled items, and make something new out of them. If you're not craft, don't worry-there are plenty of places you can buy creatively reused stuff. Just Google "eco-friendly creative reuse" and you'll find a ton of sites which sell hand-crafted cute household items, furniture, jewelry and anything else you can think of out of recycled and reused products.

Being green also saves on electricity. Just by turning my water heater down a notch, I'm saving $30 a month on my electric bill. Energy Star products and eco-friendly light bulbs also help cut down costs-by as much as 75%, plus they last 10 times as long. And I despise changing light bulbs, so that's a three for one benefit-time, money, and energy.

Kermit was wrong-It IS easy being green. And cheaper, too.

Article Source:


Nanotechnology and the Future With Clean Energy

Harnessing the power of tidal currents has the potential to provide unheard of clean, renewable energy production. Nanotechnology, with its innovative approach and non-surpassed success rate, may be the conduit needed to perfect the viability of ocean-current power as an alternative energy source.

Ocean currents are a natural phenomena located along most coastlines. The only requirement for harnessing their power is that the currents amalgamate under the surface of the ocean at depths of between eighty to two hundred and thirty feet (25 – 70 meters) with a flow of between five to ten feet per second. Harnessing this type of natural energy production it is not only a feasible undertaking, but is also quite an efficient way of supplying a clean, alternative energy source.

Although tidal power is an amazing concept, wave power also offers a much needed link to cheaper, cleaner power and its availability and conversion is being investigated vigorously in the ongoing race to market an economical, clean, renewable source of energy. Concerting above ground wind turbine units to meet undersea performance is technologically possible and, with a few adjustments, present day wind turbines are easily adapted to harness the awesome power of the sea.

Physicists have studied the gravitational pull of the moon and its effect on ocean currents for eons. Ocean tides are predictable, constant, natural occurrences that are easily forecasted for years in advance. This awesome and essentially untapped source of alternative power is not negatively affected either by adverse weather conditions or climate changes – which makes it ideal for further investigation and implementation.
In order to harness the full power of the ocean, nanotechnology may be just the ticket needed to successfully construct man-made tidal dams designed to control the flow as the tides ebb and recede. Predetermined openings would allow ocean currents to flow up through these gaps into a bay or estuary where the water is collected in the dam-like barrage and then released via a series of sluice gates and through a turbine which in turn generates electricity.

This alternative energy source is well established in La Rance France where a 240 megawatt facility has been operating since 1966. In addition, other, smaller sites have also garnered some success in Canada and in South Korea plans are underway to construct a plant larger than the one in France. However, there is one drawback to this type of power harnessing. Naturalists and environmentalists are concerned with the effects that constant flooding of the barrages has on the delicate ecosystems within the bays and estuaries where they are located.

Nanotechnology scientists are working in close liaison with forward thinking ecologists to correct this deficiency by designing a type of tidal lagoon to house the turbines. Instead of creating dams within the estuary itself, they propose to take advantage of strides in nanotechnology in order to erect man-made lagoons just off shore which would be built up from the seabed and reach out at least one meter above the high tide level. In this type of construction, the turbines would be situated in a wall close to, but not interfering with, the seabed itself. The concept is simple and very effective: the water would flow in through the turbine during high tide filling the lagoon, at low tide the flow would be reversed and the turbines turned in the opposite direction. The result is a generation of electricity in both directions four times a day. Careful placement of the lagoon would be determined by the differential between the maximum heights achievable between high and low tides. Producing energy by this means is anticipated to cost less than any coal fired facility, while protecting and encouraging a positive ecological environment.

Plans are underway to begin construction in several locations off the coast of Wales and China. This combination of conventional technology in partnership with nanotechnology advances has put environmental and ecological issues to rest, yet there is still a viable concern that this type of energy plant may have an adverse effect on shipping lanes. However, these concerns have also been considered and development of barrage ocean turbines that operate independently with little or no interference to ship traffic is well into production stages.

Because narrow passages promote the fastest movement of currents, the feasibility of harnessing huge amounts of power via ocean turbines offers an excellent alternative to nuclear and coal fired energy generating plants. With the reduced threat of ecosystem damage, advanced technology, co-operation between industry and environmental agencies and the almost unlimited locations that can potentially provide ideal conditions for tidal/ocean power harnessing, this type of energy source is generating serious attention worldwide.

Therefore, this begs the question: Is it really necessary to expose our planet and its people to constant ecological threat by continuing to provide nuclear power and its associated danger to the environment? The answer is, unequivocally – No. For those of us who care about living in a cleaner, safer world, it is imperative that we embrace nanotechnology assisted methods of energy generation which are proven to exceed present energy output while reducing the threat of pollution and destruction of our ecosystems.


Will Clean Energy "Cross the Divide?"

Fossil fuels provide most of the world's energy and are the foundation of the past two centuries of economic growth. The issue of climate change poses the first serious challenge to fossil fuels' primacy.

But a great divide has existed between the mainstream technologies that make up the modern energy industry and the newer "clean" technologies that offer an alternative, low-carbon pathway to the future. This divide encompasses costs, technological maturity and scale of existing infrastructure.

In recent years, a range of forces has aligned to enhance clean energy's prospects - technological progress, shifting public opinion about climate change, growing interest by governments in supporting alternative energy technologies through subsidies and emission caps and pricing, and a massive increase in private investment.

Can these forces bring clean energy technologies from their current position, on the fringe, into the energy mainstream? This is the question addressed in a major new study by Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA), Crossing the Divide: The Future of Clean Energy.

The study focuses on four kinds of clean energy technology. Biofuels include ethanol, biodiesel and next generation cellulosic-based fuels. Renewable power generation technologies include wind, biomass, geothermal, solar photovolaics (PV), concentrating solar power (CSP), and ocean power.

Carbon capture and storage technologies are primarily designed to reduce or eliminate carbon emissions from coal-fired electric power plants. Finally, conventional clean technologies include nuclear energy and hydropower.

The Crossing the Divide study uses a scenarios approach for thinking about the future of clean energy. Unlike forecasting, scenarios do not attempt to foretell one "right" future.

Instead, the scenario development process focuses on key uncertainties that could lead to futures that are very different from the present. Scenarios are "plausible stories" about the future, which provide a framework for anticipating change and identifying it earlier.

Crossing the Divide develops three possible scenarios for the future of clean energy. In Launch Pad, strong policy support and rapid advances in technology drive the development and adoption of clean energy. In Asian Phoenix, the global balance of power shifts to Asia, and Asian nations play a primary role in defining the future of clean energy technologies, as both consumers and exporters.

In Global Fissures, economic slowdown and turbulence, followed by a long, slow recovery, discourage government support and private investment in clean energy technologies.

For each of these macro narratives, CERA developed an in-depth assessment and quantification of the prospects for clean energy technologies. This analysis provides a framework for assessing the winners and losers in clean energy, and helps to define key risks and opportunities as companies and investors place their technology bets.

One major finding of the study is that for clean energy to "cross the divide" and enter the mainstream, major technical advances will continue to be needed in coming years to make clean energy technologies cost competitive and scalable.

Achieving the requisite technical advances will, in turn, depend on four primary forces. The first three are energy prices, government policy, and the pace with which scientists and engineers working on clean energy can foster innovation. All three of these are affected by the fourth: economic growth.

Oil and natural gas prices directly affect the economics of clean energy technologies and shape political concerns and actions over energy security. Oil prices most strongly affect biofuels development but also have a strong effect on energy security, which drives other technologies as well. Natural gas prices most strongly affect renewable power technologies, as well as hydropower and nuclear.

Government policy is central to the development of clean energy. It typically ranges from funding for research and demonstration projects to mandates, financial incentives, and subsidies for technologies approaching commercial viability. Three kinds of policies are important in shaping the future of clean energy - energy security policy, climate change-related policy, and technology development policies.

Government policy is central to the development of clean energy. Energy security policy plays a role in driving all clean energy technologies. Unfortunately, energy security policies can be inconsistent in nature, waxing and waning with fuel price, economic cycles and sense of risk.

Climate change-related policies are affected by scientific understanding, politics, economic growth, and the level of cooperation and coordination present in the world geopolitical system.

The technologies most strongly affected by these policies are renewable power generation, carbon capture and storage, and nuclear. The long-term nature of the climate change threat provides an important impetus for establishing long-range approaches, at both the global and national levels, in this realm.

Technology development policies are the final area where governments can act to encourage adoption of clean energy technologies. These policies are typically driven by economic growth and fuel price cycles, as well as energy security policies. They can vary greatly in terms of their strength and sustainability, as well as which technologies they favor.

Government supports of all kinds are most effective when they are sustained and predictable. It is also important for policymakers to recognize the value of pursuing multi-faceted, flexible policy approaches.

The challenge for governments is to institute policies that get clean energy technologies off the drawing board and sustain them to the point that they become commercially viable and are able to wean themselves from the support - thereby allowing for a phaseout, rather than an increase over time, in subsidies.

Useful approaches include public-private partnerships to assemble clean energy development clusters, protection of new clean energy intellectual capital, and sustained subsidies to nurture emerging clean energy industries to maturity and scale.

Clean energy policy supports must also be multi-dimensional. Carbon markets cannot single-handedly ensure that new low-emitting technologies become widely available and competitive.

Although these markets can be influential in directing investment, it is still not known whether there will be enough public support to establish high enough carbon prices to encourage long-term development of alternative technologies. Since carbon pricing alone will sometimes not be enough, policymakers need other arrows in their quivers.

The third driver of advances in clean energy technology is the pace of technical innovation. Speeding the pace of innovation depends heavily on policy support and private investment, and these, in turn, are strongly affected by fossil fuel prices and carbon pricing.

A long-term perspective is required, involving policy and investment horizons that stretch over the course not of years - but of decades.

As noted above, the fourth driver, economic growth, has a strong impact on the other three drivers. A robust global economy can make it easier to provide financial support for development of clean energy technologies and to absorb the costs associated with carbon emission restrictions.

In thinking about clean energy, it is important to keep scale in mind. The existing installed base of carbon-based energy infrastructure has been built over the course of more than two centuries of ongoing investment and technology development. Implementing change in a system of this size will take time. A long-term perspective is required, involving policy and investment horizons that stretch over the course not of years - but of decades. Renewables and clean energy in general will increase in significance in an expanding energy system that is striving to meet the needs of global economic growth.


China Clean Energy and Energy Efficiency

China Clean Energy is well positioned to continue its expansion and boasts an impressive international client list, a wide array of international customers, an AAA credit rating and a number of proprietary and patented innovations and processes. Demand for the Company's products is rapidly accelerating due to China's rapidly growing fuel needs, escalating energy prices, and increasing environmental concerns.

The aim of dynasty resources China clean energy project is to support China's efforts to develop a sustainable energy system that maximizes energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources. For many years dynasty resources has worked to advance sustainable energy use in the United States and abroad.

Dynasty resources works at the national level in China with key agencies and organizations, and also works with their local counterparts in several regions and cities, including Beijing, Chongqing, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Shanxi and Shenzhen.

Areas of concentration: energy efficiency, clean coal, more efficient and clean oil and gas, renewable energy and bio-fuels, waste reduction, carbon reduction and Financial Services: for Access to capital, including hedge funds, venture capital, private equity and high net worth families specifically interested in China energy efficiency and clean technology opportunities, Access to project finance, Commercial diligence for strategic and financial investors including private equity, VC and hedge funds

Dynasty Resources believes there are enormous business opportunities for companies with innovative technology, process controls and supply chains that address unmet needs for energy efficiency. China clean energy Our Clean-Tech partners, with offices in New York and Shanghai, help American Clean Energy companies enter China by introducing joint-venture candidates and offering consulting services assuring clear communication between both sides. Please visit online in NewYork city.


Time for Individuals and Businesses to start using On-Line Carbon Offsets Services

The UK Government announced in February 2008 under "the Climate Change" Bill a legal commitment to reduce UK carbon emissions between 60 and 80 pct cut UK by 2050. The Bill also introduces a carrot and stick system, the Carbon Reduction Commitment for large non-energy organizations and businesses representing around 10 percent of UK CO2 emissions from 2010 which will inevitably have a knock on impact on small businesses and consumers. Coupled with the European Emissions Trading system some fifty percent of net UK carbon emissions will soon be capped in some way.

However, with only a very small proportion of our energy today come from alternative sources which do not add to overall carbon emissions and with the Government’s central 2056 UK population forecast of 78.6 million, 30 percent higher than today, an absolute 60 pct cut in carbon emissions below the 1990’s levels the Bill when it becomes law will enable the Government to force every individual and business to think about their CO2 emissions and what they can do to reduce emissions.

Private individuals or even small businesses employing hundreds of people can’t afford the luxury of expensive consultants or staff to measure their carbon emissions and when they do these groups need clear actionable advice and easy cost-effective solutions with sensible pay backs measured in years and not decades.

Fortunately among the many carbon offset and environmental consultancy businesses some low-cost solutions to meet the needs of individuals and businesses are starting to arrive. Three or four companies, which works globally now provide on-line tools and do-it yourself advice on-line and by email to help individuals and businesses simply measure their CO2 emissions, reduce carbon emissions and if they want to go that bit further purchase high quality carbon offsets without the need for expensive consultants or to employ staff.

If individuals or businesses in the UK or around the world will be forced to start to measure and reduce carbon emissions or to go that bit further and purchase carbon offsets then the solutions are going to be needed on-line.

About the Author: Luna is an associate editor to the website: . We provide requisite information about Reduce Carbon Emissions,Car Offset, Carbon credit,Carbon Offsets,Carbon Neutral Flights etc... Your feed back comment and suggestions will be highly appreciated at


Save money with eco friendly driving

green energy - eco friendly driving
The credit crunch and fuel prices have rarely been out of the news recently. When you combine this with the stark environmental warnings regarding CO2 emissions, it puts motorists under more pressure, both in terms of finance and conscience.

Clearly it’s just not practical for everyone to use public transport on a daily basis, so when you have to use your own car or a work vehicle, there are a number of steps you can make to your driving style that can help the environment and your wallet at the same time.

Eco-friendly driving is a term that’s been used more frequently in recent years. It covers a whole range of different aspects that are easy to implement into your daily journeys. The first of these is driving at a more even speed. Every day on the roads you’ll see people in urban areas accelerating harshly only to be stopped in their tracks by a set of traffic lights around the corner or a vehicle that’s obeying the limit. This rapid burst of speed of course means that they have to use their brakes more fiercely than normal too. Driving in this way only ever really achieves two things: wasting fuel and wearing down your car's controls.

Driving at a consistent and even speed whenever possible results in less CO2 being pumped into the atmosphere as well as preserving your fuel and brake components. By planning ahead and anticipating both the conditions and other road users, you can tailor your speed accordingly and also be in a position to brake more evenly and progressively rather than slamming them on at the last available moment.

There are other simple eco-friendly driving habits you can adopt, such as ensuring you’re in the correct gear for your speed, changing into neutral when you’ve stopped at traffic lights - even switching off your engine if you’re in a jam, and it’s clear you won’t be moving for a few minutes. Other things like driving with weight in the boot that you don’t need to be carrying, poorly inflated tyres, and even having the radio on when you’re not even listening to it will all increase your fuel consumption and the more you use, the more your emissions will be.

Another area where you can make a significant environmental impact is by switching fuels. Regardless of what fuel your vehicle uses just now, you can have it converted to use Liquefied Petroleum Gas or LPG and petrol. By using LPG you will cut down your emissions considerably and without affecting the performance and miles per gallon rate. Changing your vehicle to one with a smaller engine, can also help with emissions and put a smile on your face when buying road tax or getting a car insurance quote.

These are just some of the key areas where you can improve your driving, help the environment and save yourself money too. By implementing these small steps, you can bring about a lot of positive changes.


Get At Least $2000 In IRS Refunds For Using Green Technology

Yes, you read the title right, you can now get at least 2000$ worth of IRS refunds for using green tech on your car. All you have to do is to run your car on water.

If you are not up to date with the newest technological advancements, let's give you a fast update. Due to the fact that gas prices are higher then ever, and even worse, they are continuing to rise, one person said enough was enough and he came up with a way to power a car using water. Just plain simple tap water.

Here's how it works: You use electricity from your car's battery to separate water into a gas known as HHO, this burns effectively and provides significant energy. HHO has the atomic power of hydrogen but it maintains the stability of water. This make it a very safe and very easy process.

Now the best part is the fact that you can convert your car to run on water by yourself. You don't need to be a mechanic or a handyman. There are a lot of high quality guides on the web that teach you how to do this, step by step with ilustrations and videos. The best part however is the fact that a guide costs about 50$ and the parts needed for conversion are also 50$. But what benefits come with a water powered car? up to 60% decrease in fuel consumption, more horsepower, lower emissions, longer engine life.

Now let's get back to the IRS refunds. If you convert your vehicle to run on water, you will not only recieve the above benefits but, the state will actually give you money for owning such a vehicle. So how is this really possible? It's quite simple to be honest with you. If you run an environmentally safe hybrid you will not pollute mother earth. Above that this helps our nation spend less money on pollution, sick days, hospitals etc. Most importantly it helps the nation save money on oil importations and all the other problems that come with it.

So how much can you really get? The IRS code clearly states that the maximum deduction you can claim for qualified clean-fuel vehicle property with respect to any motor vehicle is the following: 50 000$ for a truck with a gross weight over 26,000 pounds. 5 000$ for a truck or van with a gross weight of over 10,000 pounds. 2 000$ for a regular vehicle. Well I don't know about you but that seems like a lot of money...

Let's give an example, you are spending around 100$ to convert your vehicle (normal car) and you get a 2000$ IRS refund. This means that even if the hydrogen system did not work (witch is impossible) you will still get paid a lot of money.

In conclusion you can get at least $2000 worth of IRS refunds for using green technology in your vehicle simply by running your car on water.

Convert your car to Run On Water it's easy to do, effective, and it will help you save tons of money on those ever raising gas prices.

Matthew Pothen owns a website specially dedicated to the top 3 "How To Run Your Car On Water" guides available today. Visit and make sure you buy the real thing.

Article Source:


Green Technology Marketing and the Triple Bottom Line

Social and environmental issues play a greater role in consumer and B2B choices than ever before. The "Green" movement was on the fringes of mainstream culture just a few years ago. Today, global warming, eco-sensitivity, fair trade and sustainability are issues that can have a tremendous impact on businesses of all sizes. A relatively new marketing model -- the triple bottom line -- offers businesses of all sizes an opportunity to create sustainable businesses that benefit people, the plan and corporate profits.

While the traditional marketing model's success is typically judged by increased revenue, there is a new approach adopted by companies who want to become sustainable businesses. The triple bottom line - economic, social and environmental - creates a framework for marketers to use their knowledge of customer attitudes about sustainability and environmental issues to inform and influence a company's external communications and executive-level decision-making. As communicators within an organization, technology marketers play a lead role in the triple bottom line process, acting as the touch point between the business and its customers.

What Is the Triple Bottom Line?

The triple bottom line refers to an accounting model in which environmental and social considerations are measured along with financial performance. The concept shifts corporate responsibility from shareholders' profits to stakeholders' interests. In other words, the triple bottom line focuses on anyone who is affected by an organizations decisions, rather than focusing on investors.

Because it includes social, economic and environmental considerations, the triple bottom line's goal is sustainability. Socially, a triple bottom line organization is characterized by fair business practices that benefit many stakeholders while exploiting none. Economically, the "profits" from the triple bottom line, including clean air, improved safety, clean water, etc., are shared by the society, as well as internal corporate profits that keep the business running. Environmentally, a triple bottom line organization works to reduce its carbon footprint and be responsible for the entire life cycle of its products.

Pros and Cons of the Triple Bottom Line

In addition to the apparent ecological benefits of sustainable corporate practices, proponents of the triple bottom line cite the following arguments:

- Untapped market potential, such as eco-tourism, offer profitable business opportunities

- Providing sun ovens and wind-powered generators create triple bottom line opportunities

Many organizations agree that social and environmental concerns are very important, but they disagree with the 'Triple Bottom Line' as the way to improve these conditions for the following reasons:

- Business best serves society when it is engaged in its core competency (i.e. making widgets). The triple bottom line diverts business from its core competency.

- Wealthy nations are concerned with the social and environmental issues while the rest of the world is more concerned with starvation.

- Businesses should not be forced to be stewards of the environment.


While the green movement continues to gain momentum, many businesses have voluntarily adopted triple bottom line models for sustainability. As consumers and other stakeholders become more aware of the impact of an organization's business practices on their daily lives, the demand for greater corporate responsibility will grow and more companies will adopt practices to support the triple bottom line.


green energy News

Cool Web Site Listings